Zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solution - essays on citizenship


 

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zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solution

zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solutionZara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solution -Women workers are absorbed in a variety of occupations from cutting, sewing, inserting buttons, making button holes, checking, cleaning the threads, ironing, folding, packing and training to supervising.Beijing has also decided to allow a gradual appreciation of its currency in the wake of relentless pressure from the US and Europe.China is increasingly focusing on the development of high-end manufacturing and services, given the structural needs of its economy.Finally destruction of twin tower in 11 September 2001.This dependence on raw materials hampers the development of garments industry.The hope of economic recovery is overshadowed by continuous job losses in the United States (US) and the sovereign debt problem on the both shores of the Atlantic.For four to five workers there is one common latrine and a kitchen for which they have to pay from Tk=2000 to Tk=2500/-.Lead time Lead time refers to the time required for supplying the ordered garment products after the export order has been received.The sector now dominates the modern economy in export earnings, secondary impact and employment generated.The owners of these factories who drive the most luxurious car and live in most luxurious house do ever think that these are the workers who have made their living so juicy.Safety Problems: Because of the carelessness of the factory management and for their arrogance factory doors used to be kept locked for security reason defying act.In China, the average lead time is 40-60 days and 50-60 days for woven and knit products respectively; in India, it is 50-70 days and 60-70 days for the same products respectively.The rising unit labour cost and upward adjustment in its currency mean that a plethora of low-end manufacturing jobs will eventually be moving out from China.Bangladesh is going to challenge the garments of those countries in the world market.But without the proper laws the worker are demanding their various wants and as a result conflict is began with the industry.Further, most countries in Europe are announcing a series of austerity measures that could slash their demand for imported goods and services significantly.Those are- lack of marketing tactics, absence of easily on-hand middle management, a small number of manufacturing methods, lack of training organizations for industrial workers, supervisors and managers, autocratic approach of nearly all the investors, fewer process units for textiles and garments, sluggish backward or forward blending procedure, incompetent ports, entry/exit complicated and loading/unloading takes much time, time-consuming custom clearance etc.Unit labor cost: Bangladesh has the cheapest unit labor cost in South Asia.Clearly, Bangladesh’s comparative advantage lies in having the cheapest unit labor cost.According of Minimum Wage Ordinance 1994, apprentices’ helpers are to receive Tk500 and Tk930 per month respectively.zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solutionIndia, south Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan etc, have made remarkable progress in garments industries.In the field of Industrialization garment industry is a promising step.Bangladesh exports 35 types of garment products to about 31 countries around the world. That Bangladesh today is considered an economic competitor in terms of international garment manufacturing by other countries of the region and beyond is the country since gaining independence in 1971.Improper working environment: Taking the advantages of workers’ poverty and ignorance the owners forced them to work in unsafe and unhealthy work place overcrowded with workers beyond capacity of the factory floor and improper ventilation.Garment industry is a main source of foreign exchange of Bangladesh.Indeed, many jobs have already moved inland from China’s coastal areas and some low-end manufacturing units are relocating to Vietnam.One cannot believe their eyes in what horrible condition they have to pass out their time after almost whole day of hard work in the factory.Amidst the global financial crisis Bangladesh’s apparel exports have not had much impact largely owing to the massive fiscal stimulus packages in the advanced world.The history of the Readymade Garments Sector in Bangladesh is a fairly recent one. The recent struggle to realize Workers’ Rights adds an important episode to the story.This determines many of the working conditions of women workers.This indeed limits the RMG owners in Bangladesh revising labour cost upward, particularly at the scale the workers have been demanding.So garment industry are the source of employment in Bangladesh.Traditionally, the jute industry dominated the industrial sector of the country until the 1970s.Insufficient of loan: Insufficiency of loan in time, uncertainly of electricity, delay in getting materials, lack of communication, problem in taxes etc. In the world market 115 to 120 items of dress are in demand where as Bangladesh supplies only ten to twelve items of garments.Garment factories provide employment to 40 percent of total industrial workers of Bangladesh.A survey conducted in 1998 showed that 73% of female helpers, as opposed to 15% of their male counterparts, did not receive even the minimum wage.Most of the garment factories in our country lack the basic amenities where our garment workers sweat their brows from morning to evening to earn our countries the major portion of our foreign exchange.Women are discriminated against in terms of access to higher-paid white collar and management positions.They are asked to work whole months at a time the Factory Act, which stipulates that no employee should work more than ten days consecutively without a break.However, there is also a silver lining as far as the industry’s prospects are concerned. zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solution Improper ventilation, stuffy situation, filthy rooms are the characteristics of the majority of our factories.It is making significant contribution in the field of our export income.China was able to drop the export price of 29 garment categories by 46 per cent on average in the United States within a year, from $6.23 per sq metre in December 2001 to $3.37 per sq metre in December 2002.This report made for identify Problems of Garments Industry in Bangladesh and how to recover this problem.In Guangdong province there was a shortage of half a million workers in 2009. It is set locally according to standards laid out by the central government.But without the proper laws the worker are demanding their various wants and as a result conflict is began with the industry Raw materials: Bangladesh imports raw materials for garments like cotton, thread color etc.Although Bangladesh is not developed in industry, it has been enriched in Garment industries in the recent past years.Bangladesh needs to respond to such price-cutting policies of its rivals in order to remain competitive in the quota-free global market.Apprentices are helpers who have been working in the garment industry for less than three months.Price competitiveness: China and some other competitors of Bangladesh have implemented sharp price-cutting policies in exporting garment products over the last few years, but Bangladesh has failed to respond effectively to such policies.Gendered division of labor: In the garment industry in Bangladesh, tasks are allocated largely on the basis of gender.However, in this regard the Bangladesh RMG industry has improved little; for example, the average lead time is 90-120 days for woven garment firms and 60-80 days for knit garment firms.The owners profit are the first priority and this attitude has gone to such an extent that they do not care about their lives.The RMG factories claim to operate one eight-hour shift six days a week.Bangladesh should improve its average lead time to compete in the international market.it appers much of the socio-economic development in the first decade of the twenty-first century for Bangladesh and its approximately 1.5 million women workers depends on the continuing success of the RMG industry.Lack of managerial knowledge: There are some other problems which are associated with this sector.After three months, Apprentices are appointed as helpers.Moreover, foreign suppliers often supply low quality materials, which result in low quality products Unskilled workers: Most of the illiterate women workers employed in garments are unskilled and so their products often become lower in quality.Safety need for the worker is mandatory to maintain in all the organization. zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solution Working hours: Though the wages are low, the working hours are very long.Bangladesh has to advance cautiously for getting better position of her garments in the world market.It has been the key export division for the last 25 years.However, the recent austerity measures and a less than rosy outlook of advanced economies could affect Bangladesh’s apparel sector adversely.The shortage of workers is particularly acute in the country’s two major manufacturing hubs — the Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta.The RMG industry of Bangladesh has expanded dramatically over the last three decades.Will these selfish owners ever think of these workers of their better living for the sake of humanity by providing better accommodation for these workers in addition to providing with the job.Women work mainly as helpers, machinists and less frequently, as line supervisors and quality controllers. Men dominate the administrative and management level jobs.National labor laws do not apply in the EPZs, leaving BEPZA in full control over work conditions, wages and benefits.After laborious job they come into their roost, cook their food and have their dinner or lunch in unhygienic floor or bed and sleep where they take their food. The owners of these factories must not treat the workers as animals.Problems surrounding readymade garments sector: The garment industry of Bangladesh has been the key export division and a main source of foreign exchange for the last 25 years.Wages: The government of Bangladesh sets minimum wages for various categories of workers.They share this amount among themselves to minimize the accommodation expense.Both Europe and the US remain Bangladesh’s major exports markets.Some important cause of the accident are given below-Political crisis: Garments industries often pay dearly for political unrest, hartal and terrorism etc.Sometimes they work until 3 o’clock in the morning and report back to start work again five hours later ar 8 o’clock.It costs only 11 cents to produce a shirt in Bangladesh, whereas it costs 79 cents in Sri Lanka and 26 cents in India.This is happening at a time when the industrial structure in China, the world’s largest exporter of apparel products and one of the major competitors of Bangladesh, is undergoing rapid transformations.While the China shift could benefit Bangladesh’s RMG in the medium to long run, the industry faces some short-term challenges largely owing to economic problems in the advanced economies.Given the remarkable entrepreneurial initiatives and the dedication of its workforce, Bangladesh can look forward to advancing its share of the global RMG market. zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solution China is increasingly focusing on the development of high-end manufacturing and services, given the structural needs of its economy. zara apparel manufacturing and retail case study solution




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