English literature poetry essay - essays on citizenship









english literature poetry essay

english literature poetry essayEnglish literature poetry essay -The characters who populate Patten's poems are varied and individualised, just as real people are individual and unique.Johnny learns the language to communicate with the world, but soon realizes that mere words cannot bridge the communication gap, as words in themselves do not enable others to understand him.Hence she was his inspiration, and it was to this muse that 'he owed his burning genius'. That is the only way to forget the woman who has betrayed him. Words also reveal the attitude or personality of the speaker.Little Johnny borrows a war-time souvenir, a machine gun which belongs to his father, and 'eliminates' a number of his 'small enemies'.They are also noted for their directness of expression, simplicity of style, and, (in the manner of Robert Frost), their deft handling of complicated ideas in uncomplicated language.A man lives for as long as we carry inside us, for as long as we carry the harvest of his dreams, for as long as we ourselves live, holding memories in common, a man lives. A poet should try on his own face, 'The mask no one else could possibly use'. He ruefully wishes that if only love could be brought home like a lost kitten, or, like strawberries, be gathered in a basket, life would have been happier and much easier. Also on the theme of the education, in , Patten reflects that everyone should get drunk on exciting and fruitful activities which lead to dizzy raptures.Courses are available all over the UK as well as online.Copies of the Poetry Anthology can be ordered via the link below.The lover in the poem feels acutely the difference between the sleep he had with his beloved in the past and his sleep in the present. One cannot 'sell' one's love to another; love should be given away like a gift. 2) Notes to the Hurrying Man: Poems, Winter '66 - Summer '68. Lovers should accept each other as they are, including their faults and foibles. He reflects that 'Grinning Jack' (the skeleton, symbolising death) lurks inside everyone, waiting for its moment to conquer the flesh and shed its outer covering. Thus like the many colours of a kaleidoscope, his characters are multifaceted and multi-dimensional, real enough to be characters in novels.He points out, in a mildly ironical way, that we go through life preoccupied with our mundane existences, and our plans for the future, oblivious of the fact of ever-present invisible death, Grinning Jack, threatening to put an abrupt end to everything. The work of 'The Liverpool poets' was written to be read aloud in public, and although the poets have now developed separately, their literary outlook is still characterized by their common commitment to reviving poetry as a performance.The aged lovers lie in quiet repose catching 'what life and light we can'. He says that since happiness is but an occasional interlude in the general drama of pain, one should be ready to seize it in whatever form it presents itself.The poetry of 'The Liverpool poets' is also characterized by the undercurrent of sarcasm, irony and pungent wit, which runs through many of their poems.english literature poetry essayThe purpose of such an endeavour is to achieve ecstasy, and that makes all the difference between success and failure in life.For as on a pond a child's paper boat was blown out of reach by the smallest gust of wind, so too have you been blown out of reach by the smallest whisper of death... Just as Shakespeare described the seven stages of man's life, Patten has presented the grim reality of death in its true form in . Poetry Rhetoric and the Mass Audience: The case of the Liverpool poets. The lover wants to be resilient too, and to salvage his pride wants to try his beloved's 'Vanishing trick and manage . The lovers have cruised along safely and withstood 'so many nights bloated with pain'. Martin Booth [4] says that Patten was to the period of 1967-74 what Ginsberg and the Beats were to the previous generation - a poet who tried to perceive and exorcise inner feelings by saying it 'how it was'.Online Exam Review (OER) Exemplars from this summer's Eduqas GCSE English Language and English Literature exams are now available in Online Exam review.Patten's poetry achieves its effect through feelings, and this is what distinguishes him from the other two 'Liverpool poets'.But as we grow older we become cynical and even a 'blade of grass /becomes more difficult to accept', for the calculating mind will dismiss a blade of grass as merely 'grass', nothing more and nothing less. And so I write you a tragedy about How a blade of grass Becomes more and more difficult to offer, And about how as you grow older A blade of grass Becomes more difficult to accept. The poem tells the story of an ordinary civil servant who later becomes a musical genius. I still strut without understanding Between an entrance of skin and an exit of soil. Patten says that when there is a rift between lovers they cannot even have peaceful sleep. In the boy confesses to his mother that he has left the city to get himself 'classified', to make a decision about his future.According to Linda Cookson [2] Patten's poetry complements that of Henri and Mc Gough, but there is an essential difference between them in that Patten's humour is of an entirely different character from the verbal gymnastics of Henri and Mc Gough, and is subordinated almost always to an underlying seriousness of purpose.'Once sleep was simply sleep', but now sleep is preceded by doubts and distrust leading to 'awkward questions'. Grevel Lindop, in his essay on 'The Liverpool poets' [3], says that during their performances they constantly observe their audiences for the smallest sign of discontent or boredom, and points out the temperamental differences between them.But Patten believes that death does not necessarily have to be the end, that a 'man lives so many different lengths of time' in that he continues to live in the thoughts of his near and dear ones even after his death. 'The Liverpool poets' appeared on the literary scene in 1967, the name being coined by Edward Lucie-Smith [1] who called his anthology of their work: 'The Liverpool Scene'.This was what young audiences wanted at a time when the world was violent, morally confused, and turning towards the Hippie peace era.Although perhaps there is some consolation in that idea that, according to Patten, the soul that rises from a human body could be reborn in the form of a fish or a sparrow or even a plant. Patten's poems express the 'Theorem of the livableness of life' (Stevenson) and provide answers to the problem of 'how to live' in our complex, problem-ridden modern era.His volumes he ruminates on the influence that we have on one another, and on the power of love, the great force that binds one person to another. I'll not be here when he comes back As a moth with no memory of flames. 132-133) recounts his nostalgic reminiscence of childhood days spent with her. english literature poetry essay But perhaps it is this characteristic of life that enables us to take an interest in the trivial aspects of daily life; otherwise we would experience the grimness of a graveyard in everything we did. In Patten compares the attitude of lovers to each other in later years to their attitudes in their youth. 'The Liverpool poets'' approach to poetry differs from that of other poets in that they consistently give the impression of being real people getting to grips with real and pressing situations.Everyone has to endure his share of sufferings and bear the pain. Patten's poem expresses the idea that when we are young we tend to believe in the concepts of love, truth, and beauty. 'Patten on the other hand seems both more spontaneous and less relaxed.Lit briefly by one another's light, the light of love, of life, we simultaneously pursue a path of our own making and 'Think that way we go is right'. Moreover, his father's use of words such as 'defeat', 'loss', and 'regret' seemed to reveal his defeatist and negative approach to life.Hence sleep is now agonising and he only hopes that this night is the last on which there will be any kind of 'pretence', and that the morning will clear things up one way or the other. It is evident in Little Johnny's poems that it is domestic disharmony rather than the world outside that emerges as the most powerful destroyer of childhood.The poet consoles himself with the thought that nothing in this world is ever as perfect as one wants it to be. Johnny's mother always spoke to him with kindness, her words overflowing with love and affection while, in sharp contrast, his father was always frugal in his use of words; 'words rarely sneaked out' of his mouth., an elegy on the untimely death of Patten's friend Heinz Henghes, expresses the poet's grievance that 'the last gift' - God's gift of a long life to some, while denying it to others - is beyond human comprehension. British Poetry 1964-84 : Driving Through the Barricades. Patten poignantly projects the difference between illusion and reality in many of his poems.In Patten gives a sensitive portrayal of a lover who is hurt by the cold and indifferent attitude of his beloved who talks of separation 'as if going were the smallest matter'. The poem celebrates true love that has withstood the test of time. But there is also, here and there, an echo of the sentiment that in spite of our best efforts there must also be a note of resignation in our endeavours, as if in the final analysis our actions could at best be termed a 'faithful failure'. Some of the important works of Adrian Henri are 'Tonight at Noon', 'Autobiography', 'The Best of Henri', 'Selected poems 1960-70, 'From the Loveless Motel', 'Poems 1976-79', 'Wish You were Here' (1990), 'Not Far Away' (1994) Some of the important poetic works of Roger Mc Gough include 'Watchwoods' (1969), 'After the Merrymaking' (1971), 'Out of Sequence'(1972),'Sporting Relations'(1974), 'Unlucky for Some', (1981), 'Waving at Trains' (1982), 'Melting into the Foreground'(1986), 'Spotted Unicorn' (1988) and so on.Patten's works are notable for their romanticism, with subtle references to the deception and frustration caused by estrangement from love. Brian Patten's chief poetic works for adults include 'Little Johnny's Confession'(1967), 'Notes to the Hurrying Man'(1969), 'The Irrelevant Song' (1971), 'The Unreliable Nightingale' (1973), 'Vanishing Trick'(1976),' Grave Gossip' (1979), 'Love poems' (1981), 'Storm Damage' (1988), 'Grinning Jack '(1990), and 'Armada'(1996). To cite just a few examples of the characters who become etched in the reader's memory forever; the morally shattered teenage girl who was raped at a suburban party; the juvenile delinquent Little Johnny who eliminated a number of his small enemies as a protest against the ill-treatment and cruelty meted out to him by his drunkard father; the psychologically fractured children afflicted with 'Aphasia' (deaf and dumb) who feel alienated from society; frustrated Jimmy who 'blows his brains out' unable to endure any longer the suffering and misery brought about by poverty and an inadequate social and political system; the girl who indulged in self-destruction, aided and abetted by the use of cocaine, because she was weighed down by 'Too many problems at dawn' ().He runs away but the police are after him, asking: The boy knows he will be trapped in the end, when the tracker dogs pick up the scent of his lollypops.Book now A sample copy of the poetry anthology has been sent out to all centres who are currently with us.Even a blade of grass will be accepted in lieu of a poem when a lover offers it to his young beloved. 23) Patten suggests that even failure in love has the power to kindle the spark of creativity that lies dormant within. english literature poetry essay Thus their live performances reveal the poets' temperaments and give an insight into the subjective nature of their poetry.The poet tried to stifle his personal note a little, muffled its voice to be less painful and tried to modify his face to suit the mask so that even his friends did not recognise him. Love must be given for love's sake, and not for selfish reasons. For Patten even the 'luxury' of a momentary meeting with a friendly stray dog can induce happiness and rejuvenate his spirits.In he opines that just as the rain or a tree or the Sun does not put a price on what it gives, one should not fall in love with the expectation that one's partner will behave as one pleases. Patten presents the theme of a boy's alienation from home because of the fact that he is a juvenile delinquent.For instance in he juxtaposes the illusion of the make-believe world with the stark reality of death. In Patten presents the disillusionment of a young girl who is raped at a suburban party and walks home 'already ten minutes pregnant'.The bird is killed and 'Real blood, real intestines, slither down'. Yet already ten minutes pregnant In twenty thousand you might remember This party This dull Saturday evening When planets rolled out of your eyes And splashed down in suburban gardens.This is the quality that sets them apart from the other post-modern poets.A bird enters a cinema and smashes into the screen where a love scene in a garden is taking place. The incident leaves her mentally and physically drained because 'Those acts that called for tenderness/ Were far from tender.Hence even in death there is continuation of life - that is the paradox of human life. 70-71) Patten suggests that poetry should be subjective, and that the 'mask' a poet should use is to write subjectively, but altering the truth a little to make it less painful. Like the French Symbolists, Baudelaire and Rimbaud, 'The Liverpool poets' believe that the effect that a poem produces is more important than the poem itself; a poem should be considered as an 'agent' (that conveys the poet's message), rather than as an 'object'.It is too much to expect he will come back In the same form, Molecule by sweet molecule reassembled. The chief poets were Adrian Henri (1932 - 2000) Roger Mc Gough (1937 - ) and Brian Patten (1946 - ).The term 'drunk' refers to frenzied involvement in any activity, as distinct from the usual sober, solemn, careful approach to predictable routines.('Portrait of a young Girl Raped at a Suburban Party' Notes to the Hurrying Man - 25) he describes the various dreamers and idlers of modern society who lead a meaningless existence because they refuse to emerge from the illusion of pleasures and see the reality of things.Martin Booth [4] says the 'amalgam of innocence, bizarre situation, childhood day-dreaming, pathos and tenderness' is characteristic of Patten's work.Just as a child's paper boat was blown out of reach by a gust of wind, so too was his mother 'Blown out of reach by the smallest whisper of death'. 14-15) suggests that the fear of death as one becomes older is so overpowering that one expects death any moment, blissfully ignorant of the fact that 'death might pass by' and ignore one for the present after all. He appears moody, even inarticulate between poems, and the audience is excited, not only by the enormous passion with which he reads his poems but by the suspicion that at any moment he may be going to pick a quarrel with someone'.But, regrettably, love cannot be revived or retrieved once it comes to its natural death, since once broken down it can never be mended. english literature poetry essay Hence she was his inspiration, and it was to this muse that 'he owed his burning genius'. That is the only way to forget the woman who has betrayed him. english literature poetry essay

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