Art convergences essay literature - essays on citizenship









art convergences essay literature

art convergences essay literatureArt convergences essay literature -Guirdex analyzed the first gathering of the International Meeting of Black Artists and Writers at the Sorbonne in 1956, highlighting some of the tensions between politics and aesthetics among its participants. If one side argues for an open-ended, inclusive nationalism, can we distinguish such a stance from cosmopolitanism, or is the difference merely semantic?A few examples from past experiences have clearly shown otherwise: the French nègre as used by the Négritude movement; mixedblood as celebrated by Leslie Marmon Silko in Ceremony; and of course indian as re-imagined by Gerald Vizenor in his postindian interventions.Thank you all for being part of such engaging conversations.Ph D students Maud Alamachere, Levin Arnsperger, Dustin Gray, and Ieva Larchey prepared the questions that accompany the video excerpts.Craig Womack: Criticism and theory, to my way of thinking, should do three things: express itself artfully, illuminate texts, and address conditions in the material world.While there are a variety of terms we employ, dissect, and sometimes debate, we all share a commitment to an endeavor that we hope will remain a part of the academic enterprise for generations to come.Dissertation guidelines university of technology mauritius hospital apush essay on manifest destiny essay cause and effect essay violent video games questions mba essay writing service uk dates persuasive essay conclusion template classes dissertation on online marketing major ap world history change over time essay format date manuscript dissertation proposal manager .Lessons from Frantz Fanon, the advocate of national consciousness and national liberation come to mind.Elvira Pulitano: Upon receiving the invitation to attend the gathering at Emory, I knew that this was going to be a wonderful opportunity for honest academic conversation.For those of us who are privileged to be members of the academy, we must wrestle with what it means to teach this body of expression in the context of contemporary higher education.When does the conversation become so esoteric that it no longer provides us the language we can use in our class rooms and home communities?Yet, what fascinates me about this project and the Declaration per se is the question of whether or not international law, as illustrated by this landmark document, is an instrument that indigenous peoples can use for their emancipation, and, more significantly, whether or not the quintessential Eurocentric nature of international law can be changed upon considering indigenous worldviews and perspectives.Maud, Levin, and Ieva, and their fellow grad student Guirdex Masse, also gave presentations on a morning panel where they spoke about how issues of cosmopolitanism and nationalism affect their own areas of research.I found that we were able to find common ground and to challenge each other, and that we had actually been instrumental to each other’s learning.Arnold Krupat: Of the many valuable things that came out of our panel, I’d single out the opportunity provided for .I began to realize that my own language has sometimes been problematic, especially for someone who claims an interest in waging peace in our world.For me, getting together with Elvira, Arnold, Lisa, and Michael is part of a spiritual journey.At stake in these conversations is the purpose of reading Native American literature itself—the question of how literary expression relates to the tangled histories of colonialism, sovereignty, and community.For me, it is an essay in which Ortiz prioritizes artful storytelling as a way of explaining how a literature written in English can remain profoundly Indian.What clearly transpired from this panel discussion was the attempt that all of us made at clarifying concepts that have created so much controversy in the past and, more important perhaps, to think about how we can apply some of these concepts in newly changed convergences essay literatureRobert Warrior, Jace Weaver, and I responded to Pulitano’s book in part but also wanted to honor an essay that had influenced the entire field of Native American literary studies, Simon Ortiz’s seminal 1981 work, “Towards a National Indian Literature.” In (2006), we discuss the Ortiz essay in the Preface and reprint it in the Appendix.I am not fully convinced that we cannot take a term so vested with negative connotations and transform it into something positive.Because I believed they had missed very critical insights and contexts, I was all the more impassioned with the drive to explore, unpack and explain them.Pulitano argues that certain writers more effectively subvert western authority by fusing Native and western traditions, forcing readers to reconsider Eurocentric hegemony.This gathering would have not been possible without the contributions of the students who attended Craig’s graduate seminar on nationalism and cosmopolitanism.Further, I explained how and why I had not, in my own critical work (e.g., in ), used—as Elvira had—the categories hybrid/hybridity to describe either contemporary Native identities or contemporary Native critical perspectives.At the same time I was very adamant in editing a collection on the UNDRIP to include literary perspectives—namely, essays that discuss Native writers’ response to some of the provisions set out in the Declaration.As I said to Craig in my initial response, I have always considered intellectual discourse a form of democracy, a forum in which people who might disagree with each other can still learn from the experience.Her first book argues that Native literary works are either implicitly theoretical or deal directly with theory.For me, it further solidified my own belief in the importance of gathering together, over food, in private and public spaces, to have those very real conversations.What was exciting was the sense that everyone who was willing to read widely, listen carefully, and contribute generously would be part of building a critical community.Ieva described oral interviews she undertook with Lithuanian immigrants in Atlanta regarding their hopes for a culture and language after-school program they have founded in the city for their children.Lisa Brooks: I found it invigorating and illuminating to engage in conversation, over meals and in the classroom, with people whose writing I had passionately disagreed with.It has also become more xenophobic and, to put it bluntly, more racist.Essay on parenting skills compare and contrast 5 paragraph essay outline review barca vs bayern munich analysis essay essay on summer vacation for class 4 in hindi x10 argument essay paper outline youtube dissertation lookup values persuasive essay conclusion template classes cricket match essay in english, essay writing esl students questions and answers .In terms of artfulness, I have to profess a fondness, if not passion, for those theoretical works that best combine style and substance.The exchange that takes place in this panel continues those conversations—conversations that are also continuing not only at MLA, but also the annual conferences Native American and Indigenous Studies Association and the pages of .Fanon concludes his seminal study Peau noire, masques blancs with a passionate appeal for a (transnational) humanism, thus paving the way for some of the debates that in subsequent decades would shape the changing nature of the definition of nationalism.In reading and reflecting about their questions, I re-lived my experience as a graduate student at the University of New Mexico in the mid-1990s when, by taking courses in Native American literature, I was trying to understand what I could learn from these texts in terms of cross-cultural communication.In a beautiful Afterword that complements Ortiz’s theory-laden stories in his national literature essay, Lisa Brooks creates a narrative about her community’s fishing rights activism on Vermont's Missiquoi River, working between personal accounts and the language of the court, particularly its emphasis on what one judge called “the weight of history.” Brooks’s stories about language choices provide the basis for her idea that nation language might still appeal to tribal people even at a time when nationalism may be viewed warily. art convergences essay literature Essay writing for english tests (ielts) pdf manual romeo and juliet act 2 scene 2 analysis essay length essay words in spanish zip.My preference in these regards has been to speak of “the changing same,” a phrase that resonates well with Gerald Vizenor’s instantiations of Finally, to state the obvious, I gained a clearer sense of the other panelists’ positions, something for which I am grateful.In that I see interesting convergences with the theoretical orientation of my previous books.As is often the case with great, evocative work, I have seen both hybridists and separatists, and all points in between and beyond, claim that the Ortiz essay proves their point and disproves those they disagree with.Craig Womack: Each of the participants who joined me in the Emory discussion on April 22, 2011—Lisa Brooks, Michael Elliot, Arnold Krupat, and Elvira Pulitano—has authored a range of writings that we might view as creating a dialogue with each other in the field of Native American literature.In closing I will mention some questions we could take up in order to continue the dialogue: If all indigenous expression is mediated by colonial contact, as must surely be the case, is it all mediated in the same way and to the same degree?A generation later, in a post 9/11 America, European students continue to engage Native American literary texts and theories in the attempt to make sense of the world that has shaped them and that they in turn will contribute to re-shape, translating and mediating along the way.When they come together—for example, Lisa Brooks' telling of generations of families fishing the Missiquoi River, often gathered in recent times at the kitchen tables of Abenaki community leaders, their livelihood undone by a judge’s phrase, while relating her narratives to theories of language that do and undo the nation—worlds open up for me.By meeting together we hoped to increase opportunities for understanding each other’s perspectives, even envisioning a larger conversation that might ensue among interested scholars. Without many other resources to rely on that placed Native American literature in a political and legal context, he provided an impetus for later critics to respond to definitions he provided, for example, in a chapter titled “Local, National, Cosmopolitan Literature.” In recent works such as (2009), Krupat expands those preliminary accounts, making the case that in order to effectively resist colonialism, scholars must not define cosmopolitan, national, and indigenous approaches antithetically and recent work on Native elegy, he has offered suggestions about ways some of his own cosmopolitan readings have included nationalist understandings.Besides being chock full of insightful analysis, it is a rollicking good tale.(2007) that details the way the Custer battle site, and the wider cultural phenomenon of interest in the nineteenth century General, are memorialized from groups as diverse as the National Park Service and Custer re-enactors.Yet, as Leslie Marmon Silko reminds us, we must continue to find meaning in “the boundless capacity of language” if we indeed want to bridge those distances between cultures that have kept us apart for way too long.How can we go beyond theoretical abstraction into specific contexts that explain the meaning of this mediation which, after all, is not universal but of great variation?We might have not reached the same kind of conclusion over the term hybridity, but Arnold’s point about self-determination or more precisely the sense of feeling “more at home” with specific terms was useful in coming to an understanding of the way in which our use of language is inevitably determined by our cultural experiences.My hope is that we can face these questions together.Our job as critics, I believe, is to do whatever we can to facilitate works of such extraordinary caliber and to move people beyond statements that repeat, rather dutifully, platitudes about Native tradition.The problem with debates, however, is they do very little in terms of community building, a case that is especially evident if one watches presidential debates. Had I sometimes closed down communication instead of opening it up?The subject of the UNDRIP is a significant departure from my previous work on Native American literature and theory and it might as well reflect my teaching in an ethnic studies department and the kind of interdisciplinary work that goes with it.Heavily narrativised literary studies, the kind I have confessed loving, may be only one form of excellence.(2009), and a third book on the UN Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. art convergences essay literature Certain of Gerald Vizenor’s works accomplish similar feats of leading me toward new vistas of thought, particularly , nonetheless, remains an exciting critical study because it involves hard analytical work at the highest levels of creativity.Michael is also a dean of arts and sciences at Emory, and he did a good job of taking our script for the meeting and turning it into a thought-provoking conversation.This conversation at Emory, born of the goodwill of its participants, will, I hope, continue to elicit and evoke art, illuminate texts, and seek change in the world by addressing our material circumstances.Whereas Western legal discourse does not accept stories as valid forms of testimony, Vizenor, in “Genocide Tribunals” (2009) forcefully reminds us that stories have allowed individuals such as Charles Aubid during a dispute with the federal government over of the regulation of wild rice in Minnesota to affirm “his anishinaabe human rights and sovereignty” (131).1 In terms of our discussion of concepts such as nationalism, cosmopolitanism, and translation, it was illuminating for me to reflect upon how we all agreed that these terms are not necessarily oppositional, but complement each other in interesting, complex ways.As much as Craig’s writing (in Red on Red) had inspired me, Arnold’s early scholarship on Christian Indian writers in New England and Elvira’s later work on Native literary criticism had fueled my own desire to write about those subjects.One of the most important insights I came to during the discussions, which I communicated to the graduate students, was that my own thinking and writing had developed rapidly in response to writings that Arnold and Elvira had produced.5 paragraph essay sentence starters jamie sjd harvard application essay. Dissertation format uom helper gcse german holiday coursework help line essay analysis generator quizlet dissertation team reviews worksheet recommended length for common app essay help essay entrance to college youtube phd dissertation defense gifts .The Europe that these students come from has become undoubtedly more complex than the Europe I left when I first came to the United States as a Fulbright scholar from Italy.In contradistinction to this group, she analyzes Native authors who have embraced forms of tribalism which, she argues, ignore the realities of the interdependencies of centuries of colonial contact.But it also showed me that sometimes the stuff that makes you the most angry is the stuff that fuels your strongest work.In American Indian literary studies, Greg Sarris’s (1993) is a delight to read because of the way it combines excellent storytelling with fresh theoretical insights that make me think and act differently, particularly in terms of examining my teaching practices.I could not help thinking that the majority of the students in that seminar were from Europe.The panel gave me the opportunity to contextualize my current project on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP or the Declaration) within my previously published work at the same time as it offered all of us additional insights on how questions of nationalism and cosmopolitanism play out in current debates on indigenous rights.I got the chance to explain further my sense that critical perspectives such as nationalism, indigenism, and cosmopolitanism are complementary and overlapping, not oppositional or mutually exclusive.For three decades he has passionately advocated on behalf of Native American literature’s inclusion in the American literary canon and actively supported Native scholars, arguing that no one can have a competent understanding of the history, or literatures, of the Americas, without a substantial consideration of Native peoples.Compare contrast essay keywords videos dissertation proposal generator essay writing in hindi for ias crossword clue criminal law essay outline generator essay on my first day in school in hindi language arsema tesfai essay education is the key to success in life essay you 3 paragraph essay template history umi dissertation publishing numbers persuasive essay prewriting worksheet zoom maths studies ib coursework criteria test english essay css 2015 notice essay about fahrenheit 451.Lisa Brooks is also the author of (2008), a work that traces historical connections between New England Native intellectuals in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, arguing that we should understand their efforts in concert, not as isolated acts of individual scholarship.I noted that a good deal of my current work is largely nationalist in perspective—a nationalism that seems to me entirely consistent with my earlier cosmopolitan and ethnocritical perspectives.In this section, the panelists reflect on their discussion at Emory and suggest avenues for future conversations.I agree with Craig that this was an important conversation for us to have and that we should all continue to reflect on it next time we address some of these issues in print. art convergences essay literature Thank you all for being part of such engaging conversations. art convergences essay literature

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