Computer professionals for social responsibility essay contest - essays on citizenship









computer professionals for social responsibility essay contest

computer professionals for social responsibility essay contestComputer professionals for social responsibility essay contest -Don't assume that company executives are aware of the social ramifications of a project—it's the project manager's responsibility to ensure these issues are raised appropriately. Corporate ethics, governance and social responsibility. Study conducted for Business and Organizational Ethics Partnership, Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. Most of the world has reached the stage where good laws are in place, but poor enforcement exists for those laws. The situation is often exacerbated by the apparent lack of rewards in following a CSR strategy. The experienced project manager can easily develop a work breakdown structure to support these activities. “They're doing what they're supposed to do, according to the current rules of the game—giving their customers good deals and thereby maximizing the returns to their investors” (Reich, p. Just as games require rules to define fair play, the economy relies on government to set the economic ground rules. There are, broadly, six phases in any CSR project: introduction, identification, positioning (for managers who are introducing something very innovative and wish to see how it stands in relation to other such initiatives), strategy development, implementation, and monitoring. If properly understood and executed, CSR is a win-win strategy that benefits the company, as well as society.However, the financial necessity of maintaining good quarterly results is often the perceived limitation in CSR implementation. For example, Wal-Mart is rewarded by the market for cutting costs; Costco, which offers better insurance and benefits to its workers, is penalized by the market for not cutting costs as well, and therefore not being as profitable as Wal-Mart. More recently, championing an active role for government, Robert Reich argued in his book “Supercapitalism” that companies who don't embrace the principles of Corporate Social Responsibility are neither brutally insensitive nor ruthlessly greedy. In the conclusion, the necessity of adherence to an active CSR policy and how this may be facilitated will be stressed.Project managers can influence their companies toward socially responsible behavior at the local level in areas such as human rights, employee rights, environmental protection and supplier relations. European Coalition for Corporate Justice [Electronic Version]. The company that has not invested in building a positive reputation through CSR is susceptible to being damaged when negative stories appear, as there is not a positive correlation in the consumer's mind to balance out the negative impacts of bad news. To make CSR sustainable for companies it is essential that a proper measurement system for corporate social achievement be put in place, accompanied by fitting celebration of and reward for accomplishments throughout the organization and into the broader community. Project managers are instrumental in achieving strategic goals, as they hold the path to execution. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY [Electronic Version]. Poor enforcement has its roots in corruption and weak institutions, and poor governance perpetuates poverty. Corporate social and financial performance: A metaanalysis. While CSR will become increasingly important to competitive business, it will take more than good intentions and strong leadership to integrate social and business needs. The data a project manager provides his or her leadership can help him or her make bold decisions, to go beyond what the law requires in developing ethical business practices. Corporations create social and societal impacts, both positive and negative through the daily operations of their value chain. Or will the organization boldly move forward to use CSR for strategic advantage? However, many business experts have stated that attention should be confined to tangible business operations with a social dimension that produce a competitive edge. computer professionals for social responsibility essay contestThe public has understandably a right to expect business to discharge its functions honorably within the social framework and play a conscientious role that commends it to public trust. ml_action=get-article&article ID=R0612D&ml_page=1&ml_subscriber=true Reich, R. Projects that involve partnerships with the local community can create enduring relationships of respect, goodwill, and mutual benefit. Business organizations are not infallible, being liable to corruption and scandal that taint the corporate world even if only a few individuals can be held to account. CSR can be a revolutionary way of contributing to systemic social changes in which investments can produce lasting social benefits in areas such as health (Catalyst Corporation, 2002). Retrieved on January 22, 2008 from Server/CSRQ_A.pdf? Instead, the project managers in the field looked into the problem, and they recognized that in Bangladesh, families rely on the money brought in from a child worker to survive. The workers who were already employed could remain, but the factory had to support their education, sending them to a local school, even hiring a teacher for the child workers if there were no local schools nearby. These results show that the absence of instant rewards in the form of profits should not be a justification for abstaining from CSR. Liuc Papers n.142, Serie Ettica, Diritto ed Economica 10, Supplement. The subsequent sections will deal with the integration of CSR into corporate goals and the role of the project manager.For example, Nestle (2006) has stated that the true test of a business is whether it creates value for society in the long term. Retrieved on January 22, 2008 from M., Schmidt, F. In his view, CSR creates impediments in the running of business and can make for confusion about the true goals of the firm. To get started on the road to social responsibility, project managers should first determine the position of their organizations with regard to CSR. Stanford Social Innovation Review [Electronic Version]. Among the many tools made available by agencies and consultancies, project managers may refer to the self-assessment questionnaire of the WBCSD, which should help them know where the company presently stands and what its future needs are. Ultimately, such actions set the standard for other local factories (Arena, 2006, p. What is the likelihood a social, environmental or ethical issue will arise in this project? The rising pressure for activities in CSR in the increasingly socially aware climate of developed countries has resulted in a substantial increase in investment in such activities in all OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) nations. The next section will consider the debate around the concept, followed by the risks of neglecting this responsibility.One major problem is that CSR simplifies some rather complex arguments and fails to acknowledge that ultimately trade-offs must be made between the financial health of the company and ethical outcomes. Good CSR is not so much about prioritizing the environment over shareholder interests as much as it is about solving environmental problems in a way that serves shareholder interests (Arena, 2007, p. Moreover, as Porter and Kramer (2006) pointed out, “the more closely tied a social issue is to a company's business, the greater the opportunity to leverage the firm's resources—and benefit society.” It's all too common to see corporations destroying communities in pursuit of economic expansion. Corporate Social Responsibility: An Overview of Principles and Practices. Policy Integration Department, World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization, International Labour Office. [Electronic Version] Retrieved on January 22, 2008 from org/wcmsp5/groups/public/—dgreports/—integration/documents/publication/wcms_079107Nestle. The Nestle concept of corporate social responsibility: As implemented in Latin America Electronic Version]. Id=7F757F03-B601–49EA-8395-E24095231754 Norman, W., & Mac Donald, C. This paper will argue that with some effort and foresight, corporate social responsibility can be integrated seamlessly in the goals of almost all organizations.While executive management may determine a comprehensive blueprint that integrates CSR strategy with business strategy, the project manager can look specifically into how social responsibility impacts his or her existing projects. La responsabilité sociétale des entreprises: Enjeux stratégiques et méthodologies de recherche. We shall first discuss the idea of CSR and the reasons why it is advocated. Paper presented at PMI® Global Congress 2008—EMEA, St. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a new idea—where the corporate sector incorporates social and environmental concerns in its strategies and plays a more responsible role in the world. computer professionals for social responsibility essay contest The experienced project manager brings discipline in risk assessment and mitigation, which can be refocused to identify social risks that might go unnoticed by the top leadership. Kelley School of Business, Indiana University [Electronic Version]. By studying public records, news articles and companyissued reports, and by interviewing stakeholders comprising employees, executives, consumers, watchdog groups and industry experts, Arena's team found that contributing to the greater good is more than just a marketing tool—it is a market opportunity (Arena, 2006). Corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a model of “extended” corporate governance. New strategies for corporate social responsibility. Or will it move beyond that to try to undertake efforts to offset the negative impacts of its supply chain? 2) said that business should go on the offensive and “move away from defensive actions into a proactive integration of social initiatives into business competitive strategy.” When corporations make strict commitments and make substantial investments in a socially responsible strategy, then, in spite of the increased risk, there is greater likelihood of increased payoffs. It will be critical to get buy in from key managers and influencers of the organization, explaining clearly the rationale for such action and demonstrating appropriate risk mitigation. For example, Levi Strauss and Company has a strict policy against underage workers. The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. In this context, the project manager, who is likely to have a greater degree of awareness about local or regional social issues, can make a significant and effective contribution to a company's CSR. This example demonstrates that the welfare of society and environment is not the responsibility only of governments and NGOs; indeed, corporations can be often more effective in promoting lasting social change. While society looks in many cases to the corporate world rather than government for the provision of employment and infrastructure (not to mention goods and services), it is only a healthy society that can create the kind of productive workers that every corporation seeks to hire. Society in turn decides what limits to impose on how companies behave, and thus we have laws to protect the common good. Societies need corporations to give their people employment and infrastructure, and corporations need healthy societies to provide a capable workforce. By integrating these considerations in project planning and execution, risk can be minimized and societal good promoted. As much of Nestle's business takes place in developing countries, they need to improve business conditions, improve the capabilities of farmers, create a skilled workforce and develop improved standards in order to operate effectively. Porter and Kramer (2006) proposed a framework for understanding CSR as something that enhances the competitive edge of firms and ultimately benefits both business and society. Milton Friedman, a notable critic, observed that CSR might ultimately pit corporate goals against social goals. In a flat and globalizing world, however, there would not be many examples where a social cause that a firm might champion is absolutely not linked to its business interests. Corporate social responsibility programs try to bridge the gap between what laws are in place and enforced, and basic fundamentals of good business practice, such as obedience to local laws, avoidance of exploitative practices, and complete transparency. Corporate social responsibility: Partners for progress. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development [Electronic Version]. So let's define the steps in a CSR initiative, from a project management standpoint. The project manager will have unique visibility into that disconnect, and will be able to escalate discrepancies between the minimums the law requires and what's appropriate for the community before they turn into a crisis for the company's operation or reputation. One must be prepared for adjustments in organization, reporting relationships, and incentives (Porter & Kramer, 2006). Being familiar with the details of day-to-day operations and execution, the project manager is in a position to perceive and analyze socially relevant issues and situations that may not be obvious to senior management. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY [Electronic Version]. However, in the same way that social responsibility is not solely the government's job, corporate social responsibility is not only the task of the senior executive. computer professionals for social responsibility essay contest Rather, if a company chooses a comprehensive strategy that capitalizes on CSR, then it not only minimizes a possible clash between corporate and social goals, but also is able to exploit market opportunities that eventually bring in clear gains and rewards. How can we ensure good CSR while maintaining appropriate financial and performance results? Furthermore, it is not necessarily the chief executives who must always initiate and implement CSR.That way, the company could ensure the children were getting proper education, while not driving families into poverty. He or she can rank social issues the same way he or she ranks all other project risk, by probability and impact. CSR is sometimes called “corporate citizenship,” meaning that a company should be a good neighbor to the communities that are affected by its presence (Catalyst Corporation, 2002). Retrieved on January 22, 2008 from WBCSD5/layout.asp?For example, companies may not uphold norms of behavior in developing countries, arguing instead that they operate within the local laws of the countries in which they are working. Retrieved on January 22, 2008 from Williams, A., Siegel, D. If government wanted to change the way Wal-Mart does business, it would change the current rules—making it easier for employees to unionize, to get health insurance and pensions, and to grant a living wage. What is the potential impact, not just to the project, but also to the community and society? He posits that CSR is undermining democracy by giving companies an excuse to indulge in superficial social work and diverting government from taking action to address real and pressing social concerns. The modern corporation is expected not just to adhere to ethical standards and norms but also to live up to its responsibility as a dynamic source of change in a globalizing world. For this to work, however, it is overwhelmingly important to understand the needs of the local community through regular contact and dialogue so that the company becomes an integral part of community life. In each phase, the project manager can utilize various tools ranging from policy reports to computer software to facilitate his task. It doesn't help that social responsibility and ethics have not been successfully integrated into a curriculum of business and market leadership. Corporate social responsibility and economic performance. And when they are made, profit frequently wins over principles (Doane, 2005). Retrieved on January 22, 2008 from Marlin, A., & Tepper Marlin, J. The manager should ensure that key performance indicators and metrics are in place to ensure appropriate monitoring of any CSR activity. With Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), organizations take responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers, employees, shareholders, communities and the environment in all aspects of operations. Corporate social responsibility: Making good business sense.If the risk of losing profits is a motivation for some managers and entrepreneurs to desist from CSR, then it is also true that the risk of ignoring CSR is very likely to outweigh the risk of profit loss. In her book “The High-Purpose Company,” Christine Arena uses wide-ranging research to show that a corporation does not have to choose between being socially responsible and making a profit. The questionnaire is designed to show how closely such areas as company vision, policies, values, targets and performance measurement manifest themselves in CSR processes. Will a company undertake CSR efforts only for PR purposes? computer professionals for social responsibility essay contest The situation is often exacerbated by the apparent lack of rewards in following a CSR strategy. computer professionals for social responsibility essay contest

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