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dreams ambitions essay

dreams ambitions essayDreams ambitions essay -Perhaps no literary figure was more affected by his experiences in the Imperial examination system than Pu Songling, the Qing period author of the collection of tales known as Liao Zhai.The Tang period poet Du Fu is a good example; failure in the Imperial examinations in 736 divorced him from the scholarly traditions of his family, and propelled him on an itinerant career as a poet.But amongst men, the exams were generally open to all, with the exception of a few classes such as actors and slaves.I have already fixed the aim of my life and I want to be a doctor. The smiling face of a doctor makes the patient cheerful. If I become a doctor I will be kind to the poor and the needy people. I shall try to be a good and sincere student and then a qualified doctor.Many candidates who were eventually successful did not achieve office until they had reached a venerable age.It is unsurprising that the ingenuity that produced the “Four Great Inventions” could not flourish in such a backward-looking intellectual environment.In "On a Chinese Screen", notes from his encounters during a journey on the Yangzi in 1920, Somerset Maugham relays his conversation with a great Confucian philosopher.The origins of the exam system lie in the Han period, but the early scholarly examinations were consolidated during the Sui period, and began to be truly effective under the Tang Dynasty.By concentrating intellectual activity on the Confucian Classics, the system limited the possibilities for progress.The massive amount of scholarly energy required for the exams was often channelled into poetry and prose when aspiring scholar-officials failed to obtain their degrees.Fortunately, frustration with the examination system could take other forms.The most truly unique aspect of Chinese culture - and the one with the most powerful legacy - is the Confucian examination system with which the Son of Heaven's empire was staffed with civil servants over the best part of two millennia.He bitterly characterised “seven transformations” that affect unsuccessful candidates as they realise that their efforts have been in vain.I will do whatever it takes to be a good doctor and and will be sincere to it.Many of China's greatest literary and artistic achievements arose from intellectual energies that their creators had intended to channel into the service of the state through earning Imperial degrees.Pu spent around 40 years in his attempts to obtain the juren provincial degree which would allow him to enter a civil service position.We sought to rule this great country not by force, but by wisdom.Prompted by visions and dreams, he went on to found the Taiping Tianguo, “The Kingdom of Heavenly Peace” and to launch a savage crusade against the Qing “demon devils.” It is surely significant that Hong's first followers were, like him, village schoolmasters whose civil service ambitions had been dashed by their failure in the second round of state examinations.© Copyright Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding (SACU) 2002, reprinted from SACU's China in Focus magazine Issue 12, 2002 The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the view of SACU.The current university entrance system is far from perfect; but for thousands of diligent students, it offers a ladder from provincial village schools to the nation's best universities.dreams ambitions essayThe same sentiment is channelled into the Liao Zhai, where many of the protagonists are struggling scholars.While the system could be remarkably meritocratic, it was often attacked for its stultifying emphasis on rote learning.Essentially, a successful candidate became a member of the gentry.Aristocracy-by-examination had far-reaching consequences. A high degree of national stability was ensured despite changes of emperor and dynasty because the civil service, fuelled by the exam system, could continue independently of the imperial regime.The Cultural Revolution, with its condemnation of the “Four Olds”, saw efforts to stamp out Confucian thought completely.Hong Houxiu, or Hong Xiuquan as he became, failed the shengyuan examinations on four separate occasions.Rote learning of the Confucian classics was fundamental to success in the exams, and the scholar who obtained the highest degree, the jinshi, would have his memory trained to a tremendous degree.Today's university entrance system is an imperfect heir to its imperfect father, the Imperial civil service examinations.Nursing a grievance against the Confucian state system, Hong's frustration found an outlet when he read a Christian tract condemning the examinations.In a bitter mood, he denounces the modernity that is sweeping China, and extols the Confucian system of old: “Do you know that we tried an experiment which is unique in the history of the world?Between the Tang period and the late Qing, the civil service examinations dropped out of use for short periods and underwent occasional reform. The core texts consisted of the Four Books and the Five Classics, works attributed to Confucius and certain of his disciples, along with a number of approved commentaries.Now, it is generally acknowledged that the educational pendulum swung too far away from literature, and efforts are being made to allow students a choice of exam curriculum, enabling specialisation in literature and the arts once more.Residents of metropolises like Beijing and Shanghai may benefit from built-in bias designed to maintain the prestige of these cities, but urban universities nevertheless admit legions of rural success stories, often the children of illiterate parents, who have benefited from the meritocratic reach of the PRC's university entrance exams.As every Chinese teacher can attest these cheating methods, refined over centuries - are alive and well today.The sheer volume of knowledge required to succeed in the Imperial examinations elevated cheating to something of an art form in China.China's “Four Great Inventions”, gunpowder, paper, the compass and the printing press, are often trumpeted as the hallmarks of its civilisation.While many artistic figures were perhaps hampered by their own creativity in tackling the relentless rote learning required by the exam system, others succumbed to the temptation to cheat, and suffered the consequences of being caught.Despite this, many poor scholars did succeed in their ambitions.China's meritocratic examination system should be a source of pride to its people, and an inspiration to the rest of the world.The Imperial examinations were not the sole factor in the Taiping Rebellion; resentment of Qing rule and the humiliation China suffered in the First Opium War clearly loomed large in Hung Xiuquan's thought, while his mystic inspiration remains inexplicable. dreams ambitions essay In this vein, the Imperial exams have been criticised for stultifying China's intellectual growth.The jinshi degrees were prospects for only a very few exceptional scholars.To obtain a civil service post, a candidate had to pass through several stages, starting with preliminary local exams, and progressing, if successful, through to district, provincial and palace examinations. The district degree was the shengyuan, which entailed exemption from both corporal punishment and the corvee labour dues, the right to wear a scholar's robes, and a small state salary.Nevertheless, the tantalising frustration that the examination system caused in many aspiring intellectuals was certainly an integral part of Hong's motivation, and a root cause of the tragic ambition that led to slaughter then unprecedented in history.During the Qing period, over a third of jinshi degree holders came from families with little or no educational background.Teachers and students making big character posters at Qinghua University Beijing during the Cultural Revolution in China 1976.Aspiration is that desire that pushes us to usefulness at maximum level in the confronting of obstacles or challenges. A sick man looks at him with the only hope of getting cured. I have studied biology and I will seat for the competitive tests for admission to a good and reputed medical college.Tutors, books and brushes all cost money, so poor candidates were at a disadvantage even during periods when bribery was frowned upon.Justin Crozier examines how China's Imperial examination system and its modern remnant - the Eight Legged Essay and the Gao Kao - are unique attempts in world history to aim for a government of wisdom.The Manchu tribesmen who captured Beijing in 1644 to found the Qing Dynasty restored the civil service examinations only two years later, and although they excluded Han Chinese from the highest echelons of the Civil Service, they clearly recognised the adhesive value of the exams in binding the Han intelligentsia to the Qing regime.Nor was the system biased towards the inhabitants of the capital.The Chinese philosopher, who has studied in Berlin and Oxford, concludes that all wisdom is to be found within the Confucian canon.Even China's foreign conquerors, the Mongols and the Manchu, realised the benefits of the examination system.At certain times, bribery of examiners was commonplace.As Western universities began to move away from their own classical tradition to embrace economics, engineering and natural science, China's scholarly efforts languished in the ancient literary past.While there are a few famous literary instances of women dressing up as men to take the exams, in practice, women were entirely excluded from the system.If you have any comments, updates or corrections please let us know via our Contact page.The upsurge in the number of rich parents choosing to educate their parents abroad is in no small part due to the realisation that Xiao Huangdi ('little emperor'- or spoilt child) of limited academic ability will not make it to prestigious universities in the Motherland.To obtain a civil service position, a scholar generally required the juren provincial degree, which would take would take years of study, and even a candidate could not reasonably expect to do so before he was thirty.Texts of a total of over 400,000 characters had to be thoroughly memorised if a candidate was to have any hope of progressing to a civil service position, and even at the district level, the pass rate was only 1 or 2%. dreams ambitions essay Similarly, the great Chinese novelist, Cao Xueqin, wrote “The Dream of the Red Chamber” after his hopes of a civil service career ended in failure.This is an essay on my ambition in life or my aim in life.Paper and the printing press were remarkable developments, but were really just perfections of technology already in use in various parts of the world from a very early age; papyrus or vellum, or the scriptoria of monasteries.This is an article taken from our China in Focus magazine (2002) written by Justin Crozier.This essay can be used for projects and educational purposes also. So, all of us should be very clear about our aim in life.A qualified doctor who would be there for the poor and the needy. No man can do anything in the world if his aim is not fixed.The second bloodiest war in human history, the Taiping Rebellion, which claimed some 20 million lives, had its roots in the frustrations of the civil service exams.Cao's male characters live lives punctuated by the triennial menace of the examinations.Pu's frustration is made plain in his works as his scholar-heroes have to seek supernatural aid from spirits and demons to achieve the coveted juren degree.Before winning influential friends and patrons through his talent, Tang was reduced to poverty as a consequence of his dishonesty.In the late Qing period in particular, corruption was widespread; examiners could be bribed, and early stages of the exam process could be skipped for a fee.The renowned Ming period painter, Tang Ying, resurrected his career through his painting after his hopes of an official position were shattered when he was caught cheating in the exam hall.We may face many difficulties in reaching our desired target, but we have to go ahead at any cost. Desire is your psychical susceptibleness to apply your knowledge, surround, relationships, and personality to accomplish happiness. Compartment that can only be driven by the someone and there are a countywide ranging scenarios and ideals that delimit felicity. Many dream on being rich, noesis and resplendence among their ambitions, but for me, to deliver humankind through treat is the maximal ambition of all.Degrees were awarded to scholars from throughout China; indeed the provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang boasted the greatest number of jinshi graduates.The Imperial examinations represented a remarkable attempt to create an aristocracy of learning, which in itself represent a remarkable advance over the warrior and hereditary aristocracies that dominated in the rest of the world.Clearly, the National University Entrance Examinations still emphasise rote-learning far too much, but this is increasingly recognised, as is the level of stress that it places on students. But in providing a system that allows the children of illiterate peasants to study in the nation's greatest universities and to then progress into civil service positions, China is continuing the experiment that Maugham's philosopher described.Other duplicities included hiring veteran scholars to sit the exams in one's stead, and the simple expedient of copying a neighbour in the exam hall.But it does represent a continuing meritocratic trend in Chinese society with a history unparalleled elsewhere.This is a testament to the rigour of the new system.Everybody has an ambition and so my ambition is to be a doctor. dreams ambitions essay But amongst men, the exams were generally open to all, with the exception of a few classes such as actors and slaves. dreams ambitions essay

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